Perspective Project

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Project Description

In this project, you will dive into the world of two-point perspective drawing using pencils. Two-point perspective is a fundamental technique in art that allows you to create the illusion of depth and three-dimensionality in your drawings. By understanding the principles of converging lines and vanishing points, you'll create a dynamic and visually engaging artwork.


  • Understand the concept of two-point perspective and how it relates to creating depth in drawings.
  • Learn to identify and place vanishing points in your composition.
  • Practice drawing converging lines to represent receding planes and objects in space.
  • Develop shading and texturing techniques to enhance the three-dimensional quality of your drawing.

  • Materials:

  • Drawing paper or sketchbook
  • Range of pencils (2H, HB, 2B, 4B, etc.)
  • Erasers (kneaded eraser and/or vinyl eraser)
  • Ruler
  • Optional: T-square or straightedge

  • Instructions:

    Introduction to Two-Point Perspective:
    Begin the project by introducing the concept of two-point perspective. Explain how it works, emphasizing the idea of vanishing points and how parallel lines appear to converge as they move away from the viewer.

    Select a Scene:

    Choose a simple architectural scene or a cityscape as the subject of your drawing. This could be a row of buildings, a street, a room interior, or any scene with clear lines and angles.

    Setting Up the Horizon Line and Vanishing Points:

    On your paper, draw a horizontal line across the middle—this is your horizon line. Decide where to place your two vanishing points on the horizon line. These points will determine the direction and angle of the converging lines.

    Creating the Basic Structure:

    Using light lines, start drawing the basic structures of your scene. Connect the edges of buildings or objects to the vanishing points with converging lines. These lines will guide the placement of elements in the scene.

    Adding Detail and Depth:
    Begin adding more details to your drawing. Use different pencil grades to create variations in line weight and shading. Darken the lines that represent the edges of objects, and use lighter shading for areas that are farther away.

    Rendering and Shading:

    Use shading techniques such as hatching, cross-hatching, and stippling to add texture and depth to your drawing. Pay attention to how light and shadow fall on the surfaces of the objects in your scene.

    Refining Your Drawing:

    Continuously refine your drawing by adjusting proportions, refining details, and adding finer textures. Pay close attention to the perspective lines and the overall sense of depth.

    Final Touches:

    Make sure your lines are clean and well-defined. Erase any unnecessary guidelines. Add final touches like highlights and additional shading to enhance the realism and depth of your drawing.


    Once your drawing is complete, mount it on a clean sheet of paper or present it in your sketchbook. Consider writing a brief reflection on what you learned during the process and the challenges you faced.

    Assessment Criteria:

  • Accurate application of two-point perspective principles.
  • Clear placement and definition of vanishing points.
  • Skillful use of shading and texturing to create depth.
  • Attention to detail and proportion in the drawn elements.
  • Overall composition and visual appeal.

  • Remember, the goal of this project is to develop your understanding of two-point perspective and your ability to translate that knowledge into a well-executed drawing. Feel free to adapt and modify the project based on your skill level and interests.

    Learning Objectives

  • Understanding Basic Perspective Principles: Gain a solid grasp of fundamental perspective principles, including one-point, two-point, and three-point perspective. Learn how to apply these principles to create accurate and convincing spatial depth in your ink drawings.

  • Creating Depth and Dimension: Develop the ability to accurately depict distances between objects, making objects in the foreground appear larger and those in the background smaller. Practice using size, overlapping, and diminishing detail to create a strong sense of depth and three-dimensionality.

  • Vanishing Points: Master the technique of drawing converging lines that lead to vanishing points, applying the appropriate number of vanishing points based on the perspective you choose. Understand how to align objects and architecture in relation to these vanishing points to achieve a realistic sense of space.

  • Foreshortening: Focus on capturing objects that are foreshortened, meaning they appear shorter due to their angle relative to the viewer. Develop skills in accurately proportioning and drawing objects that appear compressed or elongated when viewed from certain angles.

  • Complex Scene Composition: Challenge yourself to draw intricate scenes with multiple elements, incorporating various perspectives into a single composition. Learn to manage the complexities of drawing multiple objects with differing angles and vanishing points while maintaining visual coherence and accuracy.

  • Rubric

    Rubrics have become popular with teachers as a means of communicating expectations for an assignment, providing focused feedback on works in progress, and grading final products. A rubric is a document that articulates the expectations for an assignment by listing the criteria, or what counts, and describing levels of quality from excellent to poor.

    The rubric for the perspective project can be viewed, downloaded and printed below. Enjoy

    Element of Art


    An element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or a sense of depth achieved in a work of art.


    An element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or a sense of depth achieved in a work of art.

    Artist: Filippo Brunelleschi

    Filippo Brunelleschi was an Italian designer and a key figure in architecture, recognized to be the first modern engineer, planner and sole construction supervisor. He was one of the founding fathers of the Renaissance. He is generally well known for developing a technique for linear perspective in art and for building the dome of the Florence Cathedral.

    8th Grade Perspective Handout

    The handout below will help students get started on understanding key concepts for this specific project. You can look, download and print it below. Enjoy!

    Project Example

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    Project Demonstration

    Project Demonstration


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    You're Ready to Start Your Project.

    Project Submission

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    Perspective Comments

    Most Favorite prospective project
    I think this will be my favorite because we can visually draw
    Seems Fun
    This project definitely does seem like great fun, of course I am expecting it to be challenging. But honestly, I think this is the project I'm most excited for.
    Why I like the clay castle project.
    I think this project is going to be the best because it's very hands on.
    It's also a challenge that will help the students improve.
    Looking forward too.
    This project looks like it'll be a lot of fun because of all the colors and different tools it looks like I'll use.
    Least Favorite Project
    This was my least favorite project because it was boring and lame.
    0 / 1000
    98 - 87 = ?